Children are naturally curious. Here at St Patrick’s, we use this to support children in exploring the world and discovering new things through every year group.

We plan our science curriculum based on the learning outcomes for the new curriculum for each year group and support this with a range of resources including Rising Stars and Twinkl to ensure continuity and progression in our science teaching from year 1 to year 6.
We aim to ensure that all pupils:
• develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
• develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
• are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.
Children are taught to work scientifically:
• planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
• taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
• recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs
• using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests
• reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations
• identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.
as well as learning about the important science concepts and knowledge.


In the EYFS, science is included within the ‘Understanding the World’ area of learning. At this stage, children are introduced to science through games and activities that encourage them to explore, problem solve, make observations, predict and think critically. They will explore creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environment. Children will be encouraged to ask questions about why things happen and how things work.

Early Years science also supports children in the other areas of physical and creative development. They will learn about healthy eating and the effects on their body and also, different materials, colours and sounds.

Key Stage 1 and 2

Science at St Patrick’s supports children to work scientifically and will build on schools to support children to become accurate, careful and confident practical scientists. Children will begin in key stage one learning how to observe, question, carry out a simple test, record simple data and then try to answer questions.
By the end of key stage 2, they should be able to plan and carry out a fair test by using equipment accurately and taking exact readings or measurements. They are also expected to be able to draw conclusions from their results and record them using a range of graphs and charts.

The content of science teaching and learning is set out in the 2014 National Curriculum for primary schools in England. Below you will find they key areas that your child will focus on within their year group.

Year 1

  • Plants (basic structure)
  • Animals including humans (basic knowledge of parts of human body and comparing animals)
  • Everyday materials (describing properties)
  • Seasonal changes.

Year 2

  • Plants (what plants need to grow)
  • Animals including humans (needs for survival, food and hygiene)
  • Use of everyday materials (explore and compare materials for uses)
  • Living things and their habitats (explore variety of habitats, simple food chains).

Year 3

  • Plants (life cycles)
  • Animals including humans (nutrition, skeleton and muscles)
  • Rocks (fossils and soils)
  • Light (reflection and shadows)
  • Forces and magnets (magnetic materials, attracting and repelling).

Year 4

  • Animals including humans (digestive system, teeth and food chains)
  • Living things and habitats (classification keys)
  • States of matter (changes of state, evaporation and condensation)
  • Sound (vibration, pitch and volume)
  • Electricity (simple circuits, insulators and conductors).

Year 5

  • Animals including humans (human development from birth to old age)
  • Living things and their habitats (life cycles and reproduction in humans and plants)
  • Properties and changes of materials (dissolving, separating materials, reversible and irreversible changes)
  • Forces (gravity, air resistance, water resistance, friction)
  • Earth and Space (Earth, Sun and Moon, the solar system).

Year 6

  • Animals including humans (circulatory system, diet and exercise, healthy living)
  • Living things and their habitat (classification, characteristics of plant and animal groups)
  • Light (how it travels, how we see, shadows)
  • Electricity (voltage and power in circuits, circuit components, symbols and diagrams)
  • Evolution and inheritance (how living things have changed over time, fossils, dinosaurs, adaptation to environment).

Science experiments at home

There are many experiments that you can hold at home if you would like to support your child at home. Please use the links below if you’d like to hold your own science experiments!

Science experiments at home:

Books to inspire science:

Further support and useful web links:

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